Class 6 Ch 6 Society&Polity- Rural Administration

Sandarbha Desk
Sandarbha Desk

Area of the Police Station

  • Every police station has an area that comes under its control.
  • All persons in that area can report cases or inform the police about any theft, accident, injury, flight, etc.
  • It is the responsibility of the police of that station to enquire, to investigate and take action on the cases within its area.

Maintenance of Land Records

  • Measuring land and keeping land records is the main work of the Patwari.
  • The Patwari is known by different names in different states – in some villages such officers are called Lekhpal, in others Kanungo or Karamchari or Village Officer etc.
  • Each Patwari is responsible for a group of villages. He maintains and updates the records of the village.
  • The Patwari is also responsible for organising the collection of land revenue from the farmers and providing information to the government about the crops grown in this area.
  • This is done from the records that are kept, and this is why it’s important for the Patwari to regularly update these.
  • Farmers may change the crops grown on their fields or someone may dig a well somewhere,and keeping track of all this is the work of the revenue department of the government. Senior people in this department supervise the Patwari’s work.

District Administration

  • All states in India are divided into districts.
  • For managing matters relating to land these districts are further sub-divided.
  • These subdivisions of a district are known by different names such as tehsil, taluka, etc.
  • At the head is the District Collector and under her are the revenue officers, also known as tehsildars.

Functions of a Tehsildar

  • A Tehsildar hears disputes.
  • He also supervises the work of the Patwaris and ensures that records are properly kept and land revenue is collected.
  • He makes sure that the farmers can easily obtain a copy of their record, students can obtain their caste certificates etc.
  • The Tehsildar’s office is where land disputes are also heard.
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