- Artificially intelligent weapon system.
- Can function in air, on the surface, in space and also under the water.
- Can be autonomous or remote controlled.
- Example: Drones (flying robots), Killer Robots (on the ground), Submarine Robots ( autonomous underwater vehicles).
- Can take the decision to even kill a human being.
- Have the power to decide to fire or not.
Indian Armed Robots
- The Future Soldier Program:
- It was earlier known as F-INSAS (Future Infantry Soldier as a System). The project was conceived in 2005.
- It is Indian Army’s two-phased program to make Indian soldiers the most fiercely equipped soldiers in the world.
- Phase 1:They will be equipped with advanced weaponry, communication network and instant access to information on the battleground like:
- Non-flammable and bullet-proof jackets to carry extra load and resist nuclear, chemical and radiological warfare.
- Digital and nuclear computer with headsets and under-barrel grenades all integrated for every infantry for Close Quarter Battle.
- Magazines with an electronic jacket which include radio, GPS, cables and a climate cooling system.
- GPS firing system to allow to fire grenades indirectly and automatically.
- Lightweight camouflages to reduce their weight by 50%.
- Bullet-proof helmets and night goggles.
- Instant access to information on the battlefield via a new communication system.
- Thermal sensors.
- Guns with laser targets, armours.
- Flexible water bottle, fire-proof knee and elbow pads.
- The uniform will be fitted with internal and external oxygen supply.
- Phase 2: Battlefield Management Systems
- A palmtop for GPS, USB 2.0 and jammers to act as a decoy and help friendly soldiers for individual location.
- They will be equipped with world’s most advanced satellite phones, thermal imager, Integrated Multifunction Sight Device Night Vision Equipment, Laser-Range Finder, Digital Magnetic Compass, Colour Charge-Coupled-Device (CCD) Camera, Integrated Electro-Optical Surveillance, Fire Control Systems and advanced GPS receivers.
- They will also be carrying infrared sensors, electro-optical sensors, thermal sensors, spectroscopic sensors, electromagnetic and radio frequency sensors.
- The entire technology is weatherproof and all-terrain tested.
2. INSAS- Indian Small Arms System:
- It is a family of arms for the infantry and consists of an assault rifle and a light machine gun.
- It is a Futuristic Infantry Combat Vehicle (FICV).
- It is being developed by DRDO’s Ahmednagar-based Vehicles Research & Development Establishment (VRDE).
- Armed robot.
- It is a remotely operated vehicle developed by DRDO.
- Fully automated.
- It has been designed for use in urban counter-terrorism.
- It is battery operated.
- It can climb stairs and can negotiate turns on the stairs.
- It can lift objects.
- It can diffuse bombs.
- It has a portable X-ray device to scan suspicious objects.
- It can break open a door using a shotgun.
Indian Armed Forces’ Robotic Doctrine
- Future war is unlikely to be a conventional war. It is going to be non-conventional asymmetric war.
- It will be prolonged, will take place in various kinds of terrain and in extreme weather conditions.
- It will be covert and the warfare is likely to be extended into built-up townships.
- To counter this, the Government of India has decided to develop robotic soldiers. They will be placed to increase India’s unmanned capability.
- Robotic soldiers will have a higher level of intelligence.
- It should be able to understand the threat, differentiate between a friend and an enemy and to take necessary steps to counter the threat.
- They will be employed in non-conventional war.
- They will be able to handle guns and to function in nuclear, biological and chemical environment.
- They will be expert in handling urban warfare.
- Induct more machines.
- Use robots in dangerous areas.
- Do not risk human lives when the same task can be done by a robot.
- India’s future plan is to develop a robotic army by 2020 which will be able to undertake the desired task.
- India wants to develop robots ranging from micro size to huge tank size robots.
- Specialist robots will be developed for urban warfare.