What is Antibiotic Resistance?
- When antibiotics stop working at the time of illness, the body is considered as resistant to antibiotics.
Reasons behind Antibiotic Resistance?
- Discontinuance of antibiotic course before the time prescribed by the doctor.
- Easy availability of antibiotic drugs in India as a result of unorganized pharmaceutical centres and the newly evolved concept of e-pharmacy.
- Increasing antibiotic resistance in Indian poultry products and in dairy industry.
- Medical infections and transfer of bugs like e-coli, because of poor management in hospitals.
- In India self-medication is a major problem, there is a reluctance among the people in consulting or visiting a doctor.
- The developing nexus between pharmaceutical companies and private doctors, where doctors prescribe the second line drugs directly by skipping the simple and first line drugs.
- Poor diagnosis. For example, a person with mild fever are sometimes diagnosed as having TB because of poor medical technology and devices.
- High out of pocket expenditure and poor economic condition of many people makes them to discontinue the treatment in between.
Solutions for Antibiotic Resistance
- A public awareness campaign called “Medicines with the Red Line” was recently launched by the government. Accordingly, medicines and Schedule -H drugs with a red line on the strip should never be consumed without doctor’s prescription.
- India should increase the availability of essential medicines, through Essential Medicines Act under Jan Aushadhi initiative by the government. The essential medicines include around 341 medicines. This initiative will decrease the price of the essential medicines and government will procure these medicines freely in all government hospitals.
- Chennai Declaration– It talks about minimum six months courses regarding antibiotic resistance to be made compulsory in undergraduate and postgraduate courses in all colleges.
- Regulating the use of antibiotics in veterinary hospitals.
- Strict regulation by Medical Council of India (MCI) over the developing nexus between private doctors and pharma companies.