Left Wing Extremism and Ways to tackle it (LWE- Part 1)

TOPIC: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

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In News

  • The Central Government is planning to remove 20 of the 106 Maoist-affected districts that are part of the Red Corridor.
  • The Government started assessing these districts two years back on the basis of certain parameters and started the exercise of redrawing the Red Corridor.
  • This assessment is being done for the first time since 2006.
  • The features were:
  1. Violence Profile.
  2. Support received by the Maoists by their sympathizers.
  3. Positive impact of developmental works.

What is Red Corridor?

  • It is the area which is under the influence of Left Wing Extremists (LWE) or Maoists.
  • It is spread across 10 states- Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.
  • It also includes some northern fringes of Tamil Nadu.
  • The armed cadre of CPI (Maoists), which control these areas suffer from immense illiteracy, poverty and over population in Modern India.
  • These districts were first classified according to their violence profile in 2006.
  • 44 of the 106 districts are the worst affected.

Implications

  • It is feared that once taken off the list, these districts will not get financial aid for developmental works from the government. (Rs. 30 crore annually).

Impediments in curbing Naxalism

  • Nature of security forces deployed in Red Corridor.
  • Their combat strategy.
  • Lack of coordination in sharing of intelligence inputs between the Centre and the States.
  • Lack of a National Policy.

How Naxalism can be tackled?

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