International Organizations Involving India- A Detailed List

TOPIC: For Prelims

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IMPORTANT INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

ADB

  • Asian Development Bank
  • Motto: Fighting poverty in Asia and the Pacific
  • It has 67 member countries.
  • Estd: 1966
  • HQ: Manila, Philippines

Asia Cooperation Dialogue

  • To promote Asian cooperation at a continental level and to help integrate separate regional organizations such as ASEAN, SAARC, the Gulf Cooperation Council, and the EAEU.
  • It has 34 member countries including India.
  • Estd: 2002
  • Ministerial Meeting:
  • 1st- Thailand (2002)
  • 13th- Saudi Arabia (2014)
  • 14th- Thailand (2016)
  • Summit:
  • 1st- Kuwait (2012)
  • 2nd- Thailand (2015)
  • 3rd- Iran (2018)

 ASEM

  • Asia Europe Meeting
  • It has 53 partners= 51 countries and two regional organizations
  • The Asia Europe Foundation (ASEF) – an institution established by ASEM with headquarters in Singapore.
  • Estd: 1996
  • Summit: biennial
  • 1st: Thailand (1996)
  • 11th: Mongolia (2016)

BASIC

  • Brazil, South Africa, India and China
  • The four committed to act jointly at the Copenhagen climate summit, including a possible united walk-out if their common minimum position was not met by the developed nations.
  • Estd: 2009

BIMSTEC

  • Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation
  • It aims to promote economic cooperation among South and South-East Asia countries.
  • Members: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand (7)
  • Estd: 1997
  • HQ: Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Summit:
  • 1st- Thailand (2004)
  • 2nd- India (2008)
  • 3rd- Myanmar (2014)

BRICS

  • Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa
  • South Africa was included in 2010.
  • Estd.-2008
  • Summit: 
  • 1st- Russia
  • 2016- India

CICA

  • Conference on Interaction and Confidence- Building measures in Asia
  • It has 26 member states.
  • Secretariat: Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • Estd: 1999
  • Summit:
  • 1st: Kazakhstan (2002)
  • 4th: China (2014)

EAS

  • East Asia summit
  • Members: 18 countries
  • Estd: 2005
  • Summit:
  • 1st: Malaysia (2005)
  • 11th: Laos (2016)

G-4

  • Members: Brazil, India, Germany, Japan
  • They support each other’s bids for permanent seats in the UNSC.

G-20

  • It is an international forum for governments and central bank Governors from 20 major economies.
  • Members: 19 individual countries + EU
  • Estd: 1999
  • Summit: (of heads of states or govt.)
  • 1st- US (2008)
  • 11th – China (2016)
  • 12th – Germany (2017)
  • 13th – Argentina (2018)

IBSA

  • India, Brazil, South Africa
  • It aims to promote South-South cooperation and build consensus on issues of international importance
  • Estd: 2003
  • Summit:
  • 1st: Brazil (2006)
  • 5th: South Africa (2011)

IORA

  • Indian Ocean Rim Association
  • Members– 21
  • Estd: 1997
  • HQ– Ebene Cyber City, Mauritius

Mekong-Ganga Cooperation

  • Members: India, Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam (6)
  • Estd: 2000
  • Ministerial Meetings
  • 1st- Laos (2000)
  • 6th- India (2012)

MTCR

NDB

  • New Development Bank
  • The treaty was signed in 2014 and came into effect in 2015.
  • HQ: Shanghai, China

SAARC

  • South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
  • Members– Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka (8)
  • HQ– Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Estd. – 1985
  • Summit:
  • 1st- Bangladesh
  • 2016- Pakistan

SCO

  • Shanghai Cooperation Organization
  • It was established in 1996 as Shanghai Five with members China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan.
  • Uzbekistan was added in 2001 and the organization was renamed as SCO.
  • India and Pakistan are expected to become members by 2017.
  • HQ– Beijing, China
  • Summit:
  • 1st- China (Heads of State- 2001); Kazakhstan (Heads of Government- 2001)
  • 2016- Uzbekistan (Heads of State); Kyrgyzstan (Heads of Government)
  • 2017- Kazakhstan (Heads of State)

 

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