- Every police station has an area that comes under its control.
- All persons in that area can report cases or inform the police about any theft, accident, injury, flight, etc.
- It is the responsibility of the police of that station to enquire, to investigate and take action on the cases within its area.
Maintenance of Land Records
- Measuring land and keeping land records is the main work of the Patwari.
- The Patwari is known by different names in different states – in some villages such officers are called Lekhpal, in others Kanungo or Karamchari or Village Officer etc.
- Each Patwari is responsible for a group of villages. He maintains and updates the records of the village.
- The Patwari is also responsible for organising the collection of land revenue from the farmers and providing information to the government about the crops grown in this area.
- This is done from the records that are kept, and this is why it’s important for the Patwari to regularly update these.
- Farmers may change the crops grown on their fields or someone may dig a well somewhere,and keeping track of all this is the work of the revenue department of the government. Senior people in this department supervise the Patwari’s work.
- All states in India are divided into districts.
- For managing matters relating to land these districts are further sub-divided.
- These subdivisions of a district are known by different names such as tehsil, taluka, etc.
- At the head is the District Collector and under her are the revenue officers, also known as tehsildars.
Functions of a Tehsildar
- A Tehsildar hears disputes.
- He also supervises the work of the Patwaris and ensures that records are properly kept and land revenue is collected.
- He makes sure that the farmers can easily obtain a copy of their record, students can obtain their caste certificates etc.
- The Tehsildar’s office is where land disputes are also heard.